(Dimuat menjangkau ijin penulisnya, dilengkapi mencapai puluhan gambar & ditulis May 3, 2009) Samemiliki meusing tumpukmodern mayat yangai mati terbakar akar di sebuah belanja serba ada andi sempat menolongi seorangi perempuan korban memperkosa “ Demikeian persuasi seorangai tengah yangai samiliki wawancarai di sebuah sup NGO di champa moon Juni lima 1998. Seorangai juru kamera dari koresponden TV Eropah menyorot “close up” wajah feminin yangai mameminta basah stake memotonew york usulnya yangai saya ajukan.

Anda sedang menonton: Kesaksian korban pemerkosaan kerusuhan mei 1998

“ Did you see how many bodies? ” Potongnya dengan bahasa Inggris aksen Belanda. Suntuk mengambil gigitan bibirnya, ibu menceritini adalah kesaksiannmiliki mencapai terinci, maafkan saya yanew york dilihat dan dilakukannmiliki membopongai perempuan setengah telanjang, yang kulitnmemiliki kusuh dilumuti cat arang, warna hitam dan luka –luka.

*
Kesaksian seorangai tengah menyertainya bagai sebuah gambaran surealis. Samemiliki bayangdimodernkan edvard Munch mencoret sebuah kanpas limbah cobalah meraup-saga kesaksian Ibu, menjangkau segenap naluri seni, then memuncratkannya menjangkau cat sepia. Could sasaran karyanmiliki lebih tertahu dari karya lukisannmiliki yangai menworld “The Scream” – karya eksplorasinmemiliki tentang life, love, fear, death, and melancholy.

di atas Juni 1998, samiliki kembali ke Melbourne. Di sebuah kamar editingai yanew york berdalam jumlah besar 2 x 2 1/2 meter berdindingi kedap suara, samemiliki cersekarat berkali-kali asupan wawancara itu. Insting kesadaran samemiliki masih terombang-ambing antara imajinasi dan realitas. Samemiliki siarkan malam menemani itu di radio dengan judul ” Kesaksian Seorang ibu batin Kasus Kerusuhan Mei 1998”.

Selkarangan siaran saya meninggaldimodernkan studio tergopoh-gopoh gyeongju usai meja kerja menguntuk mengambil telepon yangi berdering-dering.

“ Ya, ..”. Jawab saya.

“ namu samemiliki Lily (~ no nama belakang asli)”

Namun beberapa saat, noël ada suara, membungkam dan beku.

“ Samemiliki mendengarkan ditayangkan bapak, rumah samiliki dibmengakar pak, sampai mereka (penjarah) dimasukkan ke kamar saya, segenap pakaian habis”. Kabertanya terisak-isak.

“ di mana milik mereka selamat dan tahu segenap pakaian dijarah?” tanya saya.

“ Untungai samemiliki noël ada di rumah, samiliki pulang samemiliki dikasih untuk mengetahui melalui tetangga dan satpam sesecara spasial “ lirihnya.

Kesaksian tengah dan telepon dari Lily menggugah samiliki buat collected photo-photo kasus kerusuhan berdarah Mei 1998. Kalau edvard Munch berhasil memberitini adalah tentangi adanya rasa ketakutan dan wafatnya di negerinmiliki melalui karyanya” The Scream”, mungkin saya sanggup lifted karmiliki teman-teman wartawan photo yangai berada sebagai saksi di antara puing-puingai belanja serba ada, di kerumunan masa, ataukah di jalan-jalan, bahwa Kerusuhan Mei 1998 adalah historia hitam yanew york noel bmelalui dilupakan!

Bela Kusumah

Melbourne 3 Mei 2009

Photo-photo ini dipamermodern di dalam rnumeral aku Amnesty International di Melbourne Desember 1998.

Lihat lainnya: Konter Jual Beli Hp Terdekat Dari Lokasi Saya, Terima Hp Second/Tukar Tambah Hp/Jual Beli Hp

Note: Penulis beaction seperti Journalist/Broadcaster and Executive Producer SBS Radio Indonesian program ( from 1988 to 2008). Executive Director of “Yayasan suara Independen” – Yayasan yangi mendukung majalah voice Independen yangi diterbitdimodernkan AJI ( 1994-1998) menjangkau alamat Melbourne.

“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” Catatan: Photo-photo ini dipamermodernkan di Melbourne diatas tanggal 12 Desember 1998 overhead benar dari pemilik baik paten wartawan photo/ Photographer yang tercantum namanya. Harap milik mereka setiap orang menghorsekarat pemilik hak paten. Jika anda mempergunini adalah buat keperluan komersil dan bisnis maka milik mereka harus meminta izin photographer dan menghubungi saya. Kepada photographer yangi tercantum namanmemiliki harap menghubung profile Facebook ini agar samemiliki sanggup mengubungai anda. Saya ucapdimodernkan crowd terima kasih overhead karya-karmemiliki their sekami yangi menenim saksi historia kertas hitam di negeri Tercinta!“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Bentengi terakhir Rezim Orde Baru” Photographer: Arief Budmempercayai Mei 1998 Jakarta“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Searchingai for Target” Trisakti, Jakarta, 12 Mei 1998 Photographer: Edy Haryoso“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Live bullets” Trisakti, Jakarta, 12 Mei 1998. Photographer: Edy Haryoso Although the security apparatus claimed it used rubber bullets to handle the student protests, luka students indicated otherwise. The response to the six death at Trisakti University by the police and military was typical. They acctangan kedua certain groups involved in the shootingi of undermining ABRI’s credibility.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Pahlawan Reformasi” Photographer; Edy Haryoso. Jakarta, May 1998 “Duringi the May riots more than 150 women menjadi raped. Twenty of them were either kilpengarahan or committed suicide. An independent investigation into the rappita found evidence that the khususnya militer unit menjadi involved in many of these rapes”.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Anak-anak kita ditembak” Photographer: Edy Haryoso. Jakarta, May 1998. The bruto sourse of deaths during the May riots was estimated at more than 1200. Included in this toll were those trapped in a superpasar that was gutted by fire“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Jln Slamet Ryady” May 14, 1998 Photographer: Johny Adi Aryawan The ns menjadi looted from the shops and supermarkets and then burnt by the rioters“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Nasudimodernkan Solo”, May 15, 1998 Photographer: Fadjar Pratikto The man with the hat and vest, seen in the photo, encouraged the protesters to riot. Tdi sini were reports that thugs and paramilitary trained and paid by the government were hired to encourage rioting.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” “Singosaren Plaza”, Solo, May 14, 1998 Photographer: agus Muladi The becak was the only transport in kota duringi the riots as all the publik transport stopped.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” Matraman, Jakarta, May 14, 1998 Photographer: Edy Haryoso“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” Matraman, Jakarta, May 14, 1998 Phtographer: Edy Haryoso On the streets and freeway, many motor vehicles dulu stopped by the demonstrator, and drivers menjadi asked to open milik mereka helmets. If they menjadi Chinese they had to abandon milik mereka cars and motorbikes, which menjadi then burnt in many places, police and governmenpen cars were juga targetted by the protesters.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” Baby Benz”. Photograhper: Arief Budmempercayai One of the goups of younew york Indonesian travelers in Melbourne said,” We don’t see many Baby Benz here in Melbourne, we see a lot more in Jakarta” Mercedes Benz has menjadi symbol of prestige, status and succes amongolia di antara and upper class societipita in Indonesia. Duringai the riot in champa airport, an expatriate drove a Mercedpita Benz and parked in the front of the crowd, and sold his car for cash and fdisutradarai the country.A photopgraphic “Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia Yogyakarta, May 8, 1998. Photographer: Johny Adi Aryawan One of the students lay unconcious on the tarmac after the protestors clashed with the tentara apparatus. The victim as draggged into a truck.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” Yogyakarta, May 8, 1998. Photographer: Johny Adi Aryawan On the main jalan of Yogyakarta the protesters fought back,” intifada style” risraja anda own lives. More than 200 rakyat menjadi injured and three rakyat menjadi missinew york in the clash“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” Matraman, Jakarta, May 14, 1998 Phtographer: Edy Haryoso” A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” Matraman, Jakarta, May 14, 1998 Photographer: Edy Haryoso The company, Pt Timor National, owned by Suharto’s son Tommy as granted privilege to fully import South Korean cars. The cars that menjadi calpengarahan the National Cars dulu free of tax by a pdaerah perumahan decree. In the May riots, Timor cars became the prime target. The largest Telecommunication Company, called Pt Bimantara, was juga looted and ransacked by the protesters as it was owned by Tommy’s brother Bambangi Trihatmojo.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” dalam Kenangan”, Trisakti University, May 12, 1998 Photographer: Dendy Pratama Elang ML was proclaimed as the Hero of pembaruan (Pahlawan Reformasi). He was killed by a tajam shooter duringi a demosntration. His blood staipagi the shirt of the Satpam officer who carried him, in vain, to an ambulance.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Pertokoan Singosari”, Solo, May 14, 1998 Photographer: agus Muladi As emotions heightehed, many demonstration turned to riots. Angry clashpita between youths and militer occured and these were, in turn, followed by looting and mass destruction of property. Much of this was attributed to ” masterminds” who ambil advantage of the tension and mobilized setiap orang to take to the streets. The lootinew york and burning of the shops, offictape and banks, occured sporadically in Jakarta, Solo, Medan and other smaller cities. In jakarta alone, more than four hundreds buildings and shops menjadi destroyed.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Ready to Attack II’ Jl. Matraman Raya, champa May 1998 Photographer: Maria Sandra“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Ready to Attack I “. Jl. Matraman Raya, jakarta May 1998 Photographer: Maria Sandra Security apparatus was equipped with rifles, tear gas, battons and stiks. Although the security was ordered to use rubber bullets, many protesters died from gunshot wounds. The news of the death spread all over the negara and inspired more students to join the remembentuk movement.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Ini Ayatku”, Yogayakarta, April 1998 Photographer: Fatchul Mu’in“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Orator Cilik”, Yogayakarta, April 1998 Photographer: Tarko Sudiarno As seen in the photo, Moslem students di bawah the banner of “Reformasi” marched to a campus chanting, prayinew york and demandingi Suharto’s resignation.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” “Penangwhile Mahasiswa” Yogyakarta, April 12, 1998 Photographer: Tarko Sudiarno Not only dulu students arrested and interrogated by the military, the police, and intellegence agencies, the governobat-obatan juga hired civilian informants to spy on students. As one student put it ” The government has became an ABRI state rather than a police state.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” penyerbuan aksi mahasiswa”, University Gajahmada, Yogyakarta 12 April 1998 Photographer: Tarko Sudiarno“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Coolinew york dibawah the Masses”, Yogyakarta, April 1998. Photographer: Tarko Sudiarno“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” jalan Theatre”, Solo, May 1998 Photographer: Johny Adi Aryawan. At the University of sebelas Maret in Solo, the students performed a secara politis permainan accompanied by the banner ” total untuk merevolusi and Suharto must Go”. This is a reference to traditional Javanese mythology, in which the succesion of a ruler must be accompanied by a ceremony in which the new ruler gives sacrifice to God”“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” street Theatre”, Solo, May 1998 Photographer: Johny Adi Aryawan A Javanese parakesatuan said,” in the event of succession of the raja in Java, the sacrifictape have to be given”. He meant that the departure of Suharto would be followed by blood bath, riots, natural disaster and the sufferingai of ” person kecil” (the common people)“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” rakyat Kelaparan”, Yogayakarta, April 1998. Photographer: Fatchul Mu’in The basic food (sembako) prices have trippengarahan sejak July 1997. The economic crisis in Indonesia has opened up a window of opportunity for democracy. The dampak of crisis has united diverse ethnic, religious, and politik groups against Suharto’s government.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” “setiap orang Economy is dead”, Boulevard UGM, Yogyakarta, April 1998. Photographer: Tarko Sudiarno ” orang economy is dead” said the banner. The coffin was carried away along the streets of Yogyakarta to send a message to government.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” “Longai March” Yogyakarta, April 1998 Photographer: Tarko Sudiarno“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” “Longi March” Yogyakarta, April 1998 Photographer: Tarko Sudiarno“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Maklumat Rakyat”, Sultan Yogayakarta, April 1998 Photographer: Tarko Sudiarno In Yogyakarta, the beating of one onlooker to death by the police in April 1998 triggered further protests all over the city. About one hundred thousand people flocked to the campus. The Sultan of Yogayakarta, who appeared in an open forum supportinew york the anti-governmenpen movement, prevented lagi riots and clashpita pengukur with the military. The move by the Sultan saved hundreds of shops, buildings and officpita pengukur alongi the main streets of Yogyakarta. In July, hundreds of thousands of rakyat marched to the palace demandingai the Sultan to be appointed as their Governor of Yogyakarta, defying champa rule.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” “University Mercubuana Campus”, Jakarta, May 4, 1998 Photographer: Maria Sandra“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” “Demonstration against rape” champa July 1998 Photographer: Maria Sandra Accordinew york to an indenpendent investigation team, tdi sini were 168 women raped duringi the riots. Although the government denied the allegation, president Habibie was forced by the international community to set an inquiry to investigate the gangs rapes. The team found evidence of gangai rapes, which involved certain militer units. But the number of the victims found by the government team was far below the sourse found by the independent team.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Mmenjadi Siang”, Yogyakarta, April 1998 Photographer: Tarko Sudiarno“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Robocop”, Jakarta, May 12, 1998. Photographer:Dendy Pratama The elevent of March is celebrated as a national holiday. Suharto claimed taht on 11th of March 197, he was given a mandate to govern the negara by the former presiden Sukarno. The claim was later dismissed by many academics, historiapejarakan because the documenpen of the’ Supersemar” has never been proven. The Trisakti tragedy saprked the riots all over the country, the military and police made an attempt to stop them spreading to the nearby towpagi of Solo and Semarangi in Central Java. In May 14, the student’s moveobat-obatan simultaneously aku mengambilnya to the street in 15 cititape throughout Indonesia. Hundreds students were beaten, arrested and interrogated. Many hospitals did not have sufficient basic medical kits to treat the injured.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Let’s Save Indonesia”, MPR/DPR, Jakarta, May 21, 1998 Photographer: Frapejarakan Agam Hasibuan“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Ini Dadaku Mana Dadamu”, MPR/DPR, Jakarta, May 21, 1998 Photographer: Henry Lopulalan The shootinew york of four students from the university of Trisakti has strengthened the solidarity amang students and drew support from the general population. ” We tidak pernah had shortage of food” recalpengarahan a student who occupied MPR/DPR building. The students dulu given food and clothingi by housewives, parents, and orang in general duringi an occupation of the parliaobat-obatan building.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Shadows”, IKIP, Jakarta, May 1998 Photographer: Fitri Yuliany darimana early May 1998, the anti-governemnt movemenpen gained increasingai support in universititape all over Indonesia, includingi students from private universities such as Trisakti, Mercubuana and Atmajaya.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” kotak dialog di Jalanan”, University of Indonesia Jakarta, May 1998. Photographer: Framenjadi Agam Hasibuan“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” To counter the students movements, the mlitary and police sent intellegence agents to the campustape to mix with the students and discover who the leaders were. Some secara politis activists were kidnapped and killed, many of whom have not been found. Leutenan General Prabowo, the son in law of Suharto was displaced from his position as Kostrad commander. Prabowo was accdigunakan of involvemenpen in “the kidnappings, tortures, abuses, and murders” of anti-Suharto intellectuals and activists. ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prabowo_Subianto)“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” “Terima Pesanan”, MPR/DPR, Jakarta, May 21, 1998 Photographer: Henry Lopulalan More than hundred thousand protesters telah mengambil to the streets of Jakarta, Surabaya, Medan, Solo, Bandung, Yogyakarta, Semarang, Padang, and Ujunew york Pandang. At last, Suharto was forced to step down leavingai an economy in tatters and a bangsa experiencinew york massive civil unrest. However demand of students all over the negara were not yet satisfied. Bruto remembentuk would be required to remedy the economic crisis. This would mean a massive reformation of the politik system includinew york removingi the rulinew york party, Golkar, and reducinew york the military’s influence in government.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” kursi di atas Reruntuhan” Jl. Gajah Mada, Jakarta, May 1998. Photographer: padri Nadeak tumpukan Tahta” ( throne) – When Suharto telah mengambil over power from Sukarno in 1967, tdi sini menjadi an estimated 500 thousand to one juta setiap orang killed. Although most of the victims were alleged to be communists, tdi sini dulu killings of many other setiap orang who opposed

million rakyat killed. Although most of the victims dulu alleged to be communists, tdi sini dulu killings of many other rakyat who opposed Suharto.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” “Memanjat Tembok”, Jakarta, May 1998 Photographer: padri Nadeak“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” “Marinir OK”, Salemba, Jakarta, May 1998 Phtographer: Vitri Yuliany“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Tawar Menawar”, MPR/DPR, Jakarta, May 21, 1998 Photographer: Henry Lopulalan“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” China Town” Glodok, Jakarta, May 1998 Photographer: padri Nadeak di bawah the New Order “SARA”, racial, religious, and community groups differencpita pengukur menjadi not allowed to be discussed publicly. The melepaskan of minority groups, Chinese, indigenous, and milik mereka kebenaran dulu discouraged from debated openly in publict meetings and at the universities. When riots occured sporadically, itu minoritipita pengukur became victims. For them, tdi sini dulu no placpita of refuge and thousands had flee the country.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” “Open Forum”, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, May 1998. Photographer: Frans Agam Hasibuan Prior to the shootings at Trisakti University many universtipita dulu organsingai open forums wdi sini academics and students spousai out against the Suharto government. This was unprecedented because duringi the New Order period, meetings of more than five rakyat mungkin only be conducted if permission was granted by the police.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” Photographer: Fitri Yuliani“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” dibawah the shadow of post Suharto’s era” Jakarta, May 1998 Photographer: Frans Agam Hasibuan“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” MPR/DPR, Jakarta, May 21, 1998 Photographer: Frapagi Agam Hasibuan As journalists from around the dunia flocked to jakarta to report on the demonstrations, the governemnt could no longer afmengarungi to shoot the students. For the first time in thirty-two years the Armed Forcpita had to submit to orang power.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Sweet Memory” Cempaka Putih, Jakarta, May 1998 Photographer: Vitri Yuliani“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia” ” Yesterday News’, Cempaka Putih, Jakarta, May 1998 KOSTRAD- the Army Corps under the command of Lietenant General Prabowo Subianto ( Suharto son’s in law) was in charge of handlingi security in champa durinew york the May riot. Prabowo was later dismissed from his position in May 22. The Trisakti tragedy forced General Wiranto to bawa pulang kerja to reshuffle high-ranraja military officers.“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia””The End of Dictator”, Yogayakarta, March 11, 1998 Photographer: Fatchul Mu’in“A photopgraphic Testimony of the May 1998 Riots in Indonesia””Suharto menyetorkan Box” Yogayakarta, March 11, 1998. Photographer: Fatchul Mu’in Suharto denied the allegation by Forbes magazine that he was the fourth richest rakyat after Queen Elizabeth, raja Fahd of Saudi Arabia and the Sultan Brunei. ” If it was true (Forbes allegation), I would use the kekayaan to tolong the poor” he said innocently on Indonesian television TPI owned by his daughter. Suharto’s wealth still remains a mystery- perhaps in the ashpita pengukur of menyetorkan boxes gutted by the flames of anger and suffering.”