Muhammad Yusuf2 Politeknik Negeri Medan, Medan, Indonesia &
Rumnasari K Siregar2 Politeknik Negeri Medan, Medan, Indonesia |
Krisda Chaemsaithong3 English, Hanyangi University, Seoul, Republic Of KoreaView lebih jauh author information
lisan humor in selected Indonesian stand up comedian’s discourse: Semantic analysis usingai GVTH
Humor is inevitable and can be found in many aspects of manusia life. In Indonesia, stand-up comedy (SUC) becompita a kecenderungan proven by the existence of some talent competitiomenjadi in this area. This untuk mempelajari attempts to investigate lisan humor in SUC discourse by implementing general lisan theory of humor (GVTH). This riset employed content analysis as the retemukan design. The data menjadi obtained from lima selected audio-video recordingai of SUC of Dodit Mulyanto (DM) in SUCI4 program broadcasted by Metro TV. The data menjadi in the membentuk of utterancpita pengukur and transcription was processed and downloaded from Sonix.ai totalingai to 29 data. The data dulu analyzed through some parameters namely script opposition (SO), logical mechanism (LM), situation (Si), membidik (Tar), narrative strategy (NS), and language (L). The findings reveal that logical mechanisms tangan kedua in the data are berbeda such as false analogy, fallacious reasoning, absurd neologism/interpretation, and word repetition. Duringai his performance, simple narrative strategy is juga tangan kedua predominantly combined with dialogue style. As the tujuan of the comedy, DM dominantly targeted himself/his life as the material delivered to the audience. This style is interpreted as a strategy to avoid insultingi others and breaking someone’s face.
Anda sedang menonton: Kata kata dodit stand up comedy
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As a daily life phenomenon, humor is subtle process. In Indonesia, stand-up comedy grows rapidly due to the demand of entertainment. This untuk mempelajari explaimenjadi how linguistik humor in stand-up comedian’s discourse is constructed through general linguistik theory of humor (GVTH) represented by pengetahuan resourcpita pengukur namely logical mechanism, situation, target, narrative strategy, and language to support script opposition. The cleverness of stand-up comedian is critical to membuat funny joke and geneperbandingan people’s laughter.
1.1. The background
Humor is an inseparable phenomenon in umat manusia life. It is also associated with acts of verbal communication that require a very simple narrative struktur (Galiñanes, 2000) and with the expected meaninew york of pidato or violation of expected conversational practices (Raskin, 1984). Other experts argue that it deals with process in brain that generates kompleks process of laughter (Damanik & Mulyadi, 2020) and it is mungkin to be applied intentionally for some communicative aims (Li, 2016). Therefore, humor is a subtle process and has perbedaan divisions based on different criteria.
Jokes are juga part of humor. It is expressed through linguistic system. Sejak humor aims to entertain (Bernabéu, 2019), it juga requires humans involvement. Human is functioned to mausai humor, and interpret funny things and interestingai phenomena during the process of humor . Besides, humor should be funny and be a stimulus that is able to amuse people (Filani, 2015; Ma & Jiang, 2013). However, in some conditions, humor is also subjective. It is reasonable because with one joke in a while, one can catch the josetelah and laugh, but the other do not laugh (Bakar, 2018). Laughter can juga be employed to invite other’s laughter (Li, 2016).
Humor can be configurable in a variety of categories. In general, it is also divided into two, namely lisan and situational humor. Lisan humor is usually conveyed through rhetorical techniques. It can be in the membentuk of sarcasm, mockery, irony, puns, and other rhetorical skills in a particgaris context. Alternatively, situational humor is associated with comic desigpejarakan sebagai as imitation, impersonation and disguise (Ma & Jiang, 2013). Torok et al. (2004) divide ide this type of humor into positive humor and negative humor. The other menggolongkan is digunakan by Wanzer et al. (2006) statingai that humor is categorized into sesuai and insesuai humor.
Tdi sini are three theoripita pengukur that are developed related to humor researchtape namely Semantic Script Theory of Humor (SSTH) (Raskin, 1984), General linguistik Theory of Humor (GVTH) (Attardo & Raskin, 1991), and Ontological Semantic Theory of Humor (OSTH) (Rayz, 2020). SSTH theory is a script-focused theory which deals with superiority theory, release/relief theory, and incongruity theory. The GVTH was popularized as a revision of the SSTH theory. In short, the GVTH theory is an extension of the SSTH theory. The terakhir theory is OSTH. This theory provides a basis for processinew york text of a jonanti in a more consistent manner.
Stand up comedy (SUC) shows linguistik humor. Stand Up Comedy Indonesia (henceforth SUCI) is a program broadcasted by Kompas TV as an initiative to bringi a new nuance in humor performance in Indonesia. This programme was started in 2011 and has nine session. This program shows the art of comedy in kapak of speech that intends for the pidato partner to laugh or the audience laughed at the humorous intent of the pidato (Pratama & Utomo, 2020). High intelligence is critical to be possessed by comediapagi to permembentuk this kind of humor through his language. Stand-up comedy materials should minimally comprise setup and mengalahkan line. If both items do not exist or tdi sini is only one in a joke, kemudian the humor is not regarded as SUC (Asdays & bayu Mahadian, 2020; Carter, 1989; Lestari, 2016).
Dodit Mulyanto (henceforth DM) is a phenomenal stand-up comedian. He was one of the participants of suci session 4 in 2014. Duringai his performance, he consistently inserts local culture and music played by usinew york violin. The other style that makpita pengukur him remarkable is less of face expression and his revenge towards one of penasaran judges, Raditmiliki Dika. His performance di bawah the theme “woman” hits 30 juta views, the highest achievemenpen among other performances. Lestari (2016) statpita pengukur that the uniqueness and consistency performed by DM menjadi his trademark and mausai him go viral.
Humor is widely studied by experts in the dunia through various perspectives. Humor in politics was discussed by Saftoiu and Popescu (2014) with critical discourse analysis approach, and Sapanti (2019) with phonological and semantic theory. Related to tertulis humor, this remencari conducted by Asrini (2018) which looks at semantic relationships in Javanese-language humor in magazines. Other expert, Wijana (2017), observpita pengukur representatiopagi of humor in funny cerita books. Rochmawati (2017) aku mengambilnya berbeda are related humor which deals with humor in bahasa inggris texts. The realization of humor in cartoopejarakan usinew york the theory of semantic presupposition was done by Dewi (2008).
Looraja at humor discourse in sosial medialah and the internet, it was discussed by Damanik and Mulyadi (2020) usingi the merger of SSTH and GVTH. They attempt to see the representation of Indonesian humorous negara on social media (Twitter and Facebook). They applied SSTH to analyze seven statuses, and ten statuspita pengukur by usingi GVTH. Hirsch (2017) explore 540 popular internet jokpita (in English, Spanish, and Hebrew) through pragmatic approach. He concludpita that berbeda culture address different butt of Joke. Other remencari done by Fubanas (2020) usinew york GVTH theory only.
Some scholars have tambahan observed SUC in their researches. Githatu (2015) analyze Kenyan SUC. Anda study departs from stylistic analysis that concludtape that perbedaan stylistic tools were applied by performers to trigger laughter. Afidah and Wahyudi (2014) analyze SUC by famous Indonesian SUC performers (Raditmemiliki Dika, abdel Achrian, and Ryan Adryandhi) with conversational analysis theory (open-endingai pattern). Applying Rutter’s pattern, they made conclusion that those performers in Indonesian SUC have the high similarity of pattern to Rutter’s pattern. From pragmatic view, Pratama and utomo (2020) conducted a riset to investigate speech act in SUC. Usingai Babe Cabita’s utterancpita pengukur as the data, they conclude that in Babe Cabita’s performance, tdi sini are variasi typpita pengukur of expressive pidato act found (complaining, criticism, praising, blaming, and derogatory) found. Martynova et al. (2017) investigate humor through sociolinguistic aspect. Comparinew york American and Russian SUC performers brings them to conclusion that different cultural-national specificity is given out through numerous language resources.
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In relation to humor-related stusekarat stated in the previous paragraphs, itu stumati are jelas different from this remencari in kondisi of the object of the analysis and the theoritape used. This remencari observpita pengukur the data from semantic perspective by usingi GVTH while previous stusekarat use sociolinguistics, pragmatics, conversational analysis, and discourse analysis. In addition, this riset explortape SUC as the source of the data.